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Stress-Deformation Characteristics of Selected Coastal Soils of Bangladesh and their Sampling Effects

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dc.contributor.advisor Safiullah, Prof. Dr. A.M.M.
dc.contributor.author Bashar, Md. Abul
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-09T14:37:13Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-09T14:37:13Z
dc.date.copyright 2002
dc.date.issued 2002-03
dc.identifier.other ID 901201F
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12228/270
dc.description This thesis is submitted to the Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering, March 2002. en_US
dc.description Cataloged from PDF Version of Thesis.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (pages 309-320).
dc.description.abstract A considerable development activity within the Coastal Region of Bangladesh has necessitated an understanding of the geotechnical behaviour of soils from this region. With this objective in view a study into strength-deformation, compressibility and intrinsic properties of reconstituted samples of Chittagong coastal soils were undertaken. This thesis presents stress-deformation characteristics of three selected coastal soils and their sampling effects. The soils were collected from Banskhali, Anwara and Chandanaish in Chittagong coastal belt of Bangladesh. The soils are low to medium plasticity (Liquid limit = 34 to 45 and Plasticity index = 10 to 20). Reconstituted samples of the three soils were prepared in the laboratory by K0- consolidation of slurry in a large cylindrical consolidation cell using a consolidation pressure of 150 kN/m2. Overconsolidated samples were prepared in the triaxial cell by releasing the maximum isotropic consolidation pressure of 150 kN/m2 to appropriate values to achieve overconsolidation ratios (OCR) of 1.5, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 30. The stress-deformation-strength, stiffness and pore pressure characteristics of reconstituted isotropically normally consolidated and overconsolidated "block" samples of the three coastal soils were investigated in the laboratory by performing undrained triaxial compression tests. Models for the prediction of undrained shear strength of normally consolidated and overconsolidated samples have been developed. To develop intrinsic models of compressibility, intrinsic compression lines (ICL) for the three soils under K0 and isotropic stress conditions have been established which can be used to determine compressibility indices of soils at any depth of known overburden pressure. State boundary surfaces (Roscoe and Hvorslev state boundary surfaces) and critical state lines of the three coastal soils have been established. The critical state parameters of the soils have also been evaluated. Constitutive models relating critical state soil parameters and plasticity index of the soils have been proposed. Applications of these models to undisturbed naturaj clays will require further investigation. The experimentally observed stress-strain behaviour of reconstituted normally consolidated samples of the three coastal soils have been compared with those predicted using two critical state models, namely, "Cam clay model" and "Modified Cam clay model". It has been found that the results predicted by using "Modified Cam clay model" compared more favourably with the observed experimental results than "Cam clay model" for the three coastal soils. The present study has also been carried out to investigate the effects of "perfect" sampling disturbance and tube sampling disturbances on engineering properties of reconstituted normally consolidated samples of the three coastal soils. Undrained triaxial compression tests were carried out on "in situ", "perfect" and "tube" samples. "In situ" samples were prepared by consolidating reconstituted specimens of 38 mm diameter by 76 mm high under K0-condition in the triaxial cell to its in situ stress state. "Perfect" samples were prepared from "in situ" samples by undrained release of the total stresses in the triaxial cell. "Tube" samples were prepared from the large diameter consolidated samples by inserting samplers of different area ratios, external diameter to thickness ratio (De/t) but of constant outside cutting edge angle (OCA) and internal diameter (Di). Area ratio, De/t ratio, OCA and Di of the samplers were 16.4% to 73.1%, 27.3 to 8.3, 5° and 38 mm, respectively. Undrained triaxial compression tests were carried out on reconsolidated "perfect" and "tube" samples of the three coastal soils to assess the suitability of various reconsolidation techniques to minimize sampling disturbance effects. Experimental results indicate that disturbances due to perfect and tube sampling have significant influence on the mechanical properties of coastal soils. The nature of the effective stress paths and por' pressure responses of both "perfect" and "tube" samples are markedly different from those of the "in situ" samples. The "perfect" and "tube" samples adopted stress paths and showed pore pressure responses which are more typical of overconsolidated clays. Disturbances due to perfect sampling led to reduction in the values of undrained shear strength (se), Skempton's pore pressure parameter A at peak deviator stress (Ap), initial tangent modulus (Ei) and secant stiffiess at half the peak deviator stress (E50) whilr axial strain at peak deviator stress (εp) increased due to total stress relief. Due to total stress relief, the reduction Su, Ei and E50 increased with the decrease of plasticity while the increase in c. increased with the decrease of plasticity of the soils. It is also evident that the decrease in mean effective stress (p') due to perfect sampling increases with decreasing plasticity of the soils. The initial effective stress (σ՛i) of "tube" samples reduced considerably because of disturbance caused by penetration of tubes. Compared with the "in situ" samples, values of s, E1, E50 and A of the "tube" samples decreased while sp increased. The changes in measured soil parameters between the "in situ" and "tube" san )les have been found to depend significantly on the sampler characteristics, i.e., area ratio, De/t ratio, used for retrieving the "tube" samples. The values of σ՛i, su, Ei and E50 were decreased due to increase in area ratio (or reduction in De/t ratio). The values of εp, however, increased due to increasing area ratio. A quantitative increase in the degree of disturbance (Dd) has been obtained due to increase in area ratio, while the values of Dd increased with the decrease of De/t ratio of sampler. Disturbance due to tube sampling has been found to depend on the plasticity of the samples of the three coastal soils. The highest reductions in a', st,. Ei and E 0 occurred in the least plastic samples, whereas the minimum reduction in σ՛i, su, Ei and E50 occurred in the most plastic samples. Among the samples of the coastal soils, the least plastic sample produced higher degree of disturbance than the most plastic sample. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility Md. Abul Bashar
dc.format.extent 342 pages
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Bangladesh University of Engineering & Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh en_US
dc.rights Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET) thesis/dissertation/internship reports are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission.
dc.subject Coastal Soils - Sampling Effects -Bangladesh en_US
dc.subject Stress-Deformation Characteristics - Soils en_US
dc.title Stress-Deformation Characteristics of Selected Coastal Soils of Bangladesh and their Sampling Effects en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering
dc.contributor.department Department of Civil Engineering

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